Luka Samaržija – Ekonomski fakultet Rijeka, Ivana Filipovića 4, Rijeka, Hrvatska


4th International Scientific Conference – EMAN 2020 – Economics and Management: How to Cope With Disrupted Times, Online/Virtual, September 3, 2020, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS published by: Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans, Belgrade, Serbia; ISBN 978-86-80194-30-1, ISSN 2683-4510


U radu su analizirane prednosti koje poduzeća mogu ostvariti stupanjem u klastere, uzevši
u obzir povijesni kontekst klastera. Analizom je utvrđeno da se prednosti mogu klasificirati na tradicionalne
i suvremene. Tradicionalne konkurentske prednosti karakteristične su za vrijeme kada su se
klasteri primarno formulirali unutar određenih geografskih područja i kada su prednosti proizlazile
iz neposrede blizine članica klastera. Suvremene prednosti proizlaze iz procesne povezanosti članica
unutar klastera, te je prostorna dimenzija klastera izgubila na značaju iako su prostorno klasteri i dalje
smješteni u unutar granica pojedinih regija. Procesna povezanost implicira postojanje opskrbnog
lanca unutar klastera što znači da su uspostavljeni jedinstveni tokovi materijala, informacija i financija
između članica klastera. Uspostavljanjem jedinstvenih tokova realiziraju se suvremene prednosti klastera
u koje se ubrajaju ekonomija obujma, inovacije i fleksibilna specijalizacija.

Ključne riječi:

Klasteri, Tradicionalne prednosti, Suvremene prednosti, Inovacija.


The paper analyzes the advantages that companies can achieve by joining clusters, taking
into account the historical context of the cluster. The analysis found that the benefits can be classified
into traditional and contemporary. Traditional competitive advantages are characteristic at a time
when clusters were primarily formulated within certain geographical areas and when advantages arose
from the close proximity of cluster members. Modern advantages arise from the process connection of
members within the cluster, and the spatial dimension of the cluster has lost its importance, although
the spatial clusters are still located within the borders of individual regions. Process connectivity implies
the existence of a supply chain within a cluster which means that unique flows of materials, information
and finances are established between cluster members. By establishing unique flows, the
modern advantages of clusters are realized, which include economies of scale, innovations and flexible


Clusters, Traditional advantages, Modern advantages, Innovation.


Porter, M. (1998), „Cluster and The New Economics of Competition“, Harvard Business Review,
Best, M. (1990), „The New Competition − Institution of Industrial Restructuring, Polity Press“,
Cambridge, MA.
Marshall, A. (1920) „Principles of Economics“. London: MacMillan.
Krugman, P. (1991a). Geography and Trade. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Porter, M. (1999), ‘Michael Porter on competition’, Antitrust Bulletin, 44(4): 841–880.
Von Hippel, T. (1998), “Economics of Product Development by Users: The Impact of
“Sticky” Local Information” Management Science, vol 44, No. 5 (May) p. 629-644.
Porter, M.E. (1990a), The Competitive Advantage of Nations. New York: Free Press, MacMillan.
Weber, A. (1929), „Theory of the Location of Industries“, Trans. Friedrich, C.J. Chicago: University
of Chicago Press.
Losch, A. (1954), „The Economics of Location“, Yale University Press
Van Dijk, T. A. (1995), „Discourse analysis as ideology analysis“. Language and Peace. 10, 47-142.
Capecchi, V. (1990), «Un caso de especialización flexible: Los distritos industriales de Emilia-
Romagna». A PIKE, F.; BECATTINI, G.; SENGENBERGER, W. (comps). Los distritos
industriales y las pequeñas empresas. 1 Distritos industriales y cooperación interempresarial
en Italia. Madrid: Ministerio de Trabajo y Seguridad Social, p. 39-59.
Lawson, Tony. 1997. Economics and Reality. London: Routledge.
Gupta, Y.P. and Goyal, S., (1989), „Flexibility of manufacturing systems: concepts and measurements“.
European Journal of Operational Research, 43 (2), 119–135.
Samaržija, L., (2014), „Optimizacija drvnih klastera primjenom koncepta menadžmenta opskrbnog
lanca“, Ekonomski faklutet Rijeka, Rijeka.
Stigler, G., (1939). „Production and distribution in the short run“. The Journal of Political Economy,
47 (3), 305–327.
Piore, M.J. and C. Sabel, (1984), „The Second Industrial Divide“, New York, Basic Books.
Carlsson, B., (1989b), „Small-Scale Industry at a Crossroads: U.S. Machine Tools in Global
Perspective,” Small Business Economics, 1, 245-261.
Z.J. Acs and D.B. Audretsch, (1991), „Innovation and Technological Change: An International
Comparison“. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 24-38.
Zvi, Griliches (1991), „The Search for R&D Spillovers“, NBER Working Paper no. 3768.

Albu, M. (1997), „Technological Learning and Innovation in Industrial Clusters in the South“.
Electronic Working Papers Series, Paper no. 7. Science Policy Research Unit, University
of Sussex.
Ceglie, G., & Dini, M. (1999), „SME cluster and network development in developing countries:
The experience of UNIDO“. Geneva, Switzerland: United Nations Industrial Development
Caniëls, M. C. J., & Romijn, H. A. (2002), „Firm-level knowledge accumulation and regional
dynamics“. (ECIS working paper series; Vol. 200202). Eindhoven: Technische Universiteit
Simmie, J. (2004), “Innovation and clustering in the globalised international economy”, Urban
Studies, 41(5/6):1095-1112.
Roelandt, den Hertog (1999) Cluster Analysis and Cluster Policy in the Netherlands, in: Roelandt
and den Hertog (eds.), Cluster Analysis and Cluster-based Policy: New perspectives and
Rationale in Innovation Policy, OECD Paris: OECD.

Download full paper

Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans – UdEkoM Balkan
179 Ustanicka St, 11000 Belgrade, Republic of Serbia

EMAN conference publications are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.