Saša Zupan Korže
​Vanadis d.o.o., Kamnikarjeva 13, 1291 Škofljica, Slovenija
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31410/EMAN.2018.766
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2nd International Scientific Conference – EMAN 2018 – Economics and Management: How to Cope With Disrupted Times, Ljubljana – Slovenia, March 22, 2018, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS published by: Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans, Belgrade, Serbia; Faculty of Management Koper, Slovenia; Doba Business School – Maribor, Slovenia; Integrated Business Faculty –  Skopje, Macedonia; Faculty of Management – Zajecar, Serbia, ISBN 978-86-80194-11-0


Abstract​

Namen prispevka je raziskati, kakšni pravni problemi nastajajo zaradi dejavnoti turistične nastanitve in javnega prevoza oseb, ki se izvajata preko Airbnbjeve oziroma Uberjeve platforme in kakšne so njihove dosedanje rešitve v različnih geografskih okoljih: v ZDA, v EU in v Sloveniji. Raziskva je potekala od novembra 2017 do marca 2018. Podatke smo zbrali iz sekundarnih virov in jih analizirali s pomočjo različnih metod: deskripcije, kompilacije, primerjave, analize vsebine in sinteze. V raziskavi smo ugotovili, da sta Airbnb in Uber s svojim poslovnim modelom temeljito preoblikovala tradicionalno pojmovanje turističnih nastanitev in javnih (taksi) prevozov potnikov, kar je povzročilo pravna trenja v navedenih sektorjih. Očitki, da poslovanje preko platform ne poteka v celoti v skladu z obstoječimi sektorskimi predpisi, so utemeljeni. Tako v ZDA kot v EU se vrstijo sodni procesi in ukrepi držav in lokalnih oblasti, da se za udeležence, ki poslujejo preko obeh platform, izključno upošteva obstoječa sektorsak pravna regulacija. EU je ob splošni obravnavi delitvene oziroma sodelovalne ekonomije državam članicam predlagala “mehkejši” regulativni pristop: preveritev, ali so obstoječi predpisi v novih družbeno-ekonomksih pogojih še smiselni in razbremenitev sektorjev z nepotrebnimi administrativnimi bremeni. V Sloveniji je “Airbnb nastanitveni sector” povzročil podobne težave kot drugod. Država se je odločila, da ga razume kot “tradicionalni nastanitveni sector”, katerega udeleženci morajo upoštevati vse obstoječe predpise o oddajanju turističnih nastanitev. Uberjevih storitev prevoza v Sloveniji še ni, ker sektorski pravni okvir zanje še ni sprejet. Raziskava pomeni prisepvek k literaturi o delitveni oziroma sodelovalni ekonomiji in težavah novih poslovnih modelov v obliki P2P platform.   
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Key words

delitvena ekonomija, sodelovalna ekonimija, poslovni modeli, P2P platforme, Airbnb, Uber


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