Elena Hošková – Faculty of Economics and Management, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku č.2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia

Frequency of fruit and
vegetable intake;
Income quintile;
Similarity of preferences

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31410/EMAN.S.P.2023.81

Abstract: Many studies agree that the population’s income affects compli­ance with the principles of rational nutrition. The basis of rational nutrition is the consumption of fruits and vegetables. The paper aims to identify Euro­pean countries in which inhabitants of the same income groups have sim­ilar preferences regarding the weekly frequency of fruit and vegetable con­sumption. EU-SILC data from 2019, from 30 European countries, available at Eurostat, were used for the analyses. The frequency of consumption of fruit and vegetables was selected at least once a day, from 1 to 3 per week, from 4 to 6 per week and never or occasionally. Descriptive analysis, factor anal­ysis, principal component analysis method and cluster method of hierarchi­cal clustering, Ward’s method, were used for the analyses.

The results of the descriptive analysis show that, on average, the most pre­ferred frequency of consumption of fruits and vegetables is at least once a day in the monitored countries. It is most preferred by inhabitants of the fifth quintile (55.707% for fruit consumption, and 54.796% for vegetable con­sumption). The least preferred frequency of fruit and vegetable consump­tion is never or occasionally. It is the least preferred among the inhabitants of the fifth quintile (5.826% for fruit consumption, and 2.767% for vegeta­ble consumption). Factor analysis identified 7 factors that affect the prefer­ences of inhabitants regarding the consumption of fruits and vegetables in the monitored countries. These factors were the inputs to the cluster analy­sis, which divided the countries into 5 clusters. The largest cluster of coun­tries was made up of the inhabitants of the Czech Republic, Denmark, Esto­nia, Greece, Austria, Poland, Slovakia, Finland, Sweden, Iceland, and Turkey, where up to 35% of the monitored countries were included.

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7th International Scientific Conference – EMAN 2023 – Economics and Management: How to Cope With Disrupted Times, Ljubljana, Slovenia, March 23, 2023, SELECTED PAPERS, published by: Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans, Belgrade, Serbia; ISBN 978-86-80194-70-7, ISSN 2683-4510, DOI: https://doi.org/10.31410/EMAN.S.P.2023

Creative Commons Non Commercial CC BY-NC: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission. 

Suggested citation
Hošková, E. (2023). The Impact of Income Quintile on the Frequency of Fruit and Vegetable Intake by Inhabitants of European Countries. In V. Bevanda (Ed.), International Scientific Conference – EMAN 2023: Vol 7. Selected Papers (pp. 81-90). Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans. https://doi.org/10.31410/EMAN.S.P.2023.81


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