Erjola Keci – Aleksander Moisiu” University, Faculty of Professional Studies, Durres, Albania
Osman Metalla – Aleksander Moisiu” University, Faculty of Professional Studies, Durres, Albania
Vanela Gjeci – National Environment Agency, Tirana, Albania


5th International Scientific Conference – EMAN 2021 – Economics and Management: How to Cope With Disrupted Times, Online/Virtual, March 18, 2021, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS published by: Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans, Belgrade, Serbia; ISBN 978-86-80194-43-1, ISSN 2683-4510


The Ishmi River basin, although it is the smallest of the seven watersheds of Albania, is by
far the most polluted one. The assessment of water quality monitoring data over the period 2014 – 2019
in the river system shows annual average concentrations above limit values for ammonia, nitrogen
dioxide, nitrate and phosphorus.
The paper presents the key stages of the approach followed to identify waterbody pressures, status and
impacts assessment, namely:
• Identification of driving forces and pressures;
• Identification of the significant pressures;
• Determination of the consequent status;
• Assessment of the impacts; and
• Evaluation of the risk of failing to meet the objectives.
Quantification of pressures, though feasible, requires significant amounts of good quality data, many of
which are not currently collected in Albania. Significant improvements in data collection and coordination
between competent authorities will be required as part of future measures.


Water quality, EU Water Framework Directive, Monitoring acquis.


Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23rd October 2000
establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy. European
Commission PE-CONS 3639/1/100 Rev 1, Luxembourg.
Directive 2008/105/EC of The European Parliament and of the Council on environmental quality
standards in the field of water policy, amending and subsequently repealing Council Directives
82/176/EEC, 83/513/EEC, 84/156/EEC, 84/491/EEC, 86/280/EEC and amending
Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council.
Directive 91/271/EEC on urban wastewater treatment
EU Directive 2000/60/EC 2004-2006. (2005): Common implementation strategy for the Water
Framework Directive (2000/60/EC). Guidance on the intercalibration process 2004-2006.
2005: 14: 31.
Directive 2008/1/EC concerning integrated pollution prevention and control (the IPPC Directive)-
EU IPPC Permit.
Law on Environmental Permitting No. 10488 Dated 14.7.2011, Albania.
National Environment Agency 2019;
Statistical yearbook, 2019 Director of the Publication: PhD Elsa Dhuli, prepared by INSTATInstitute
of Statistics; ;
Water Framework Directive – Integrated River Basin Management for Europe – 2000/60/EC.
Water Information System for Europe – WISE GIS Guidance – on the reporting of spatial data
to WISE, v 6.0.6, 2016
Water Framework Directive Reporting Guidance – WISE Reporting Guide, 2016; http://cdr.
World Bank, 2003. Water resources management in South Eastern Europe. Vol. II: Country
water notes and water fact sheets. World Bank, Washington;

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