Slobodan Petrović – Faculty of Social Sciences Belgrade, University of Business Academy in Novi Sad, Serbia


5th International Scientific Conference – EMAN 2021 – Economics and Management: How to Cope With Disrupted Times, Online/Virtual, March 18, 2021, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS published by: Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans, Belgrade, Serbia; ISBN 978-86-80194-43-1, ISSN 2683-4510


There is a large number of teachings about the state in legal philosophy and theory; however, even
today in the 21st century, the idealistic and realistic view (teaching) about the state stands out. In the first,
the essence of the state is contained in a surreal environment, and in this regard, this direction emphasizes
what the state should be like. Three views of this direction still dominate today: utopian, natural, legal, and
ethical-cultural. In realistic theories, the state is seen as a phenomenon of the real world in which the essence
is contained in the experiential world, determined by laws. Considering that legal theories about the state are
relatively young because their largest number originated in the 19th and 20th centuries, this contributes to determining
the state as a logically regulated unity of legal norms that regulate the behavior of people in society.
In this paper, the emphasis is placed on presenting the modern point of view of the utopian, natural law,
ethical-cultural, sociological, and political point of view on the state today. The modern state is considered
as an institution within which modern social theories operate.


State, Theory of the state, Natural law, Utopia, Legal philosophy, Society.


Jovanović, S., (2011), About the State, Belgrade, Republic of Serbia, Faculty of Law, University
of Belgrade
Kelzen, H., (2014), General Theory of Law and the State, Belgrade, Republic of Serbia, Faculty
of Law, University of Belgrade
Lukić, (D) R., (1995), System of Philosophy of Law, Belgrade, Republic of Serbia, Institute for
Textbooks and Teaching Aids – Belgrade and Belgrade Publishing and Graphic Institute
Mitrović, D., (2010), Theory of State and Law, Belgrade, Republic of Serbia, Studio Dossier
Mitrović, D., (2015), Introduction to Law, Belgrade, Republic of Serbia, Faculty of Law, University
of Belgrade
Tadić, Lj., (2007), Science of Politics, Belgrade, Republic of Serbia, Official Gazette of Belgrade
Troper, M., (2014), Legal Theory of the State, Belgrade, Republic of Serbia, Faculty of Law,
University of Belgrade and Official Gazette of Belgrade
Weber, M., (2014), Novi Sad, Republic of Serbia, Mediterranean publishing

Download full paper

Share this

Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans – UdEkoM Balkan
179 Ustanicka St, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia

Udekom Balkans is a dynamic non-governmental and non-profit organization, established in 2014 with a mission to foster the growth of scientific knowledge within the Balkan region and beyond. Our primary objectives include advancing the fields of management and economics, as well as providing educational resources to our members and the wider public.

Who We Are: Our members include esteemed university professors from various scientific disciplines, postgraduate students, and experts from ministries, public administrations, private and public enterprises, multinational corporations, associations, and similar organizations.

Building Bridges Together: Over the course of nine years since our establishment, the Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans has established impactful partnerships with more than 1,000 diverse institutions across the Balkan region and worldwide.

EMAN conference publications are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.