Matea Hanžek – Zagreb School of Economics and Management, Vukasovićeva 1, Zagreb, Croatia
Zdravka Biočina – Zagreb School of Economics and Management, Vukasovićeva 1, Zagreb, Croatia
Maja Martinović – Zagreb School of Economics and Management, Vukasovićeva 1, Zagreb, Croatia
Valentina Pirić – Zagreb School of Economics and Management, Vukasovićeva 1, Zagreb, Croatia


5th International Scientific Conference – EMAN 2021 – Economics and Management: How to Cope With Disrupted Times, Online/Virtual, March 18, 2021, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS published by: Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans, Belgrade, Serbia; ISBN 978-86-80194-43-1, ISSN 2683-4510


This paper examines quantitative methods of dual assessment of students’ skills in higher
education. Through dual assessment, it tests skills important to adapt to a volatile, uncertain, complex,
and ambiguous environment (VUCA). It does so by comparing on the one side student-generated
grades and on the other side grades generated by their lecturers. The study was done on the sample
of the entire 3rd-year generation of Zagreb School of Economics and Management students (N=79).
Lecturers (N=2) who were doing the assessment have multiple years of grading experience. Findings
suggest that overall, there are differences between self-assessment of students and assessment made
by lecturers. Furthermore, there are also gender differences in student’s self-assessment. Whether for
online or face-to-face courses, faculty and students may benefit using the dual assessment approach in
developing more skilled students that are capable to adapt to working in ever changing and uncertain


VUCA Environment, Self-assessment, Presentation skills, Zagreb School of Economics and Management.


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