Renaldi Gondosubroto – Columbia University, 500 W 120th St #510, New York, NY 10027, United States

Broadband divide;


Abstract: This paper addresses the issue of insufficient broadband and wireless technology access in rural areas and proposes the use of 5G technology to bridge the digital divide. The paper analyzes a possible cost model for community implementation of 5G, with a focus on Chicago’s South and West Sides, where internet access is an issue for citizens. The methodology is based on qualitative research through narrative analysis and a focus group discussion with economists and consultants specializing in the digital divide. The paper proposes a cost model based on average revenue per machine (ARPM) instead of the traditional average revenue per user (ARPU) model, which provides a fairer cost model for rural areas. Participants of the focus group evaluated the model and concluded that it would provide a fair and competitive ground between local and nationwide providers, with potential government support.

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7th International Scientific Conference – EMAN 2023 – Economics and Management: How to Cope With Disrupted Times, Ljubljana, Slovenia, March 23, 2023, SELECTED PAPERS, published by: Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans, Belgrade, Serbia; ISBN 978-86-80194-70-7, ISSN 2683-4510, DOI:

Creative Commons Non Commercial CC BY-NC: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 License ( which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission. 

Suggested citation
Gondosubroto, R. (2023). Bridging the Broadband Divide through 5G Solutions Based on Community-Based Broadband Solutions for Balancing Competition. In V. Bevanda (Ed.), International Scientific Conference – EMAN 2023: Vol 7. Selected Papers (pp. 9-17). Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans.


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