Ľubica Hurbánková –  University of Economics in Bratislava, Dolnozemská cesta 1, 852 35 Bratislava, Slovak Republic

Number of people employed;
Contribution method;
Suslov´s structural similarity
Countries of the European

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31410/EMAN.2023.159

Abstract: The paper deals with the analysis of the number of people em­ployed in research and development. The aim is to find out how R&D em­ployment is doing in EU countries and what changes have occurred between 2011 and 2020. We will specifically analyze the number of scientific employ­ees using the FTE (full-time equivalent) indicator.

In recent years, the number of researchers in the European Union has in­creased – in 2011 there were 1.38 million (full-time equivalent), in 2020 their number grew to 1.89 million, which is an increase of 36.96%.

In Greece and Hungary, the number of researchers almost doubled during the observation period. Using the contribution method, we found that the highest increase in researchers in 2020 compared to 2011 was in Poland, 94.28% and the lowest was in Finland, 4.26%. Germany had the largest share in the total number of researchers in 2011 (24.62%), which contribut­ed with the highest share, 8.23%, to the total increase (37.59%). The value of Suslov´s structural similarity coefficient (0.0045) confirmed that the changes in the structure were minimal and the structure of the number of researchers in each EU country differed only slightly in 2011 and 2020.

Download full paper

7th International Scientific Conference – EMAN 2023 – Economics and Management: How to Cope With Disrupted Times, Ljubljana, Slovenia, March 23, 2023, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS, published by: Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans, Belgrade, Serbia; ISBN 978-86-80194-69-1, ISSN 2683-4510, DOI: https://doi.org/10.31410/EMAN.2023

Creative Commons Non Commercial CC BY-NC: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission. 

Suggested citation
Hurbánková, L. (2023). Analysis of the Number of People Employed in Research and Development in the Countries of the European Union in the Period 2011 – 2020. In V. Bevanda (Ed.), International Scientific Conference – EMAN 2023: Vol 7. Conference Proceedings (pp. 159-164). Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans. https://doi.org/10.31410/EMAN.2023.159


Eurostat. (2023). Data browser – Science and technology. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/data/database ; https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=R%26D_personnel#Researchers     

Hindls, R., & Hronová, S. (1997). Vývoj hrubého domácího produktu z hlediska přispění jed­notlivých faktorů. Politická ekonomie, 45(5), 699-707. https://doi.org/10.18267/j.polek.299 

Hindls, R., Kaňoková, J., & Novák, I. (1997). Metody statistické analýzy pro ekonomy. Praha: MANAGEMENT Press.

Hurbánková, Ľ., & Sivašová, D. (2018). Hospodárska štatistika I. Bratislava: Vydavateľstvo EKONÓM.

Kahounová, J. (1994). Měření podobnosti struktur. Praha: VŠE PRAHA.

Karpov, A. (2007). Measurement of Disproportionality in PR System. Moscow: State Universi­ty – Higher School of Economics.

Pozdniaková, I. (1981). Některé spůsoby vyhodnocovaní změn struktury a jejich vypovídací schopnost. Statistika, 11, pp. 490-499.

Share this

Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans – UdEkoM Balkan
179 Ustanicka St, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia


Udekom Balkans is a dynamic non-governmental and non-profit organization, established in 2014 with a mission to foster the growth of scientific knowledge within the Balkan region and beyond. Our primary objectives include advancing the fields of management and economics, as well as providing educational resources to our members and the wider public.

Who We Are: Our members include esteemed university professors from various scientific disciplines, postgraduate students, and experts from ministries, public administrations, private and public enterprises, multinational corporations, associations, and similar organizations.

Building Bridges Together: Over the course of nine years since our establishment, the Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans has established impactful partnerships with more than 1,000 diverse institutions across the Balkan region and worldwide.

EMAN conference publications are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.