Diana Căpriță
The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31410/EMAN.2019.689

3rd International Scientific Conference – EMAN 2019 – Economics and Management: How to Cope With Disrupted Times, Ljubljana – Slovenia, March 28, 2019, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS published by: Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans, Belgrade, Serbia; Faculty of Management Koper, Slovenia; Doba Business School – Maribor, Slovenia; Integrated Business Faculty –  Skopje, Macedonia; Faculty of Management – Zajecar, Serbia, ISBN 978-86-80194-17-2, ISSN 2683-4510


The implementation of sustainable development principles and the prioritization of the circular economy as a healthy alternative to economic growth force manufacturers to change their vision of production by incorporating effective measures and innovative techniques in order to protect the environment. Each Member State, including Romania, committed itself to the implementation of European legislation
last year by properly transposing the circular economy package and ensuring sustainable economic development through the implementation of responsible production principles. An eloquent example would be the „polluter pays” principle, which implies the continued responsibility of producers and their involvement in a European Sustainable Development Mechanism, by internalizing the financial effort to protect the environment in the final price of the product, at the shelf. Although this principle was governed by Directive 2004/35/EC on Environmental Liability, transposition of the Directive has been progressively slow, with great differences between the Member States, even though the principle from which it started was the same: European producers to be accountable for both the pollution prevention action and the repair of any environmental damage, by providing the necessary expenses both with the prevention and the repair of the damages. The extended producer responsibility, as provided for in the European circular economy package, must be implemented by identifying sustainable production practices that do not jeopardize the productivity indices of economic agents. It seems to be the equation that will determine Europe’s success in the battle of global economic development (especially with the United States and with China), the main unknown of which consists precisely in the identification of innovative production methods that respect the very fragile economy- environment ratio.


Circular economy, extended producer responsibility, recycle, waste.


[1] European Parliament (2018) Rezoluţia Parlamentului European din 13 iunie 2018 referitoare la politica de coeziune și economia circulara (2017/2211(INI)) available online at https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-8-2018-0184_RO.html
[2] Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (2017) Aviz referitor la politica de coeziune si economie circulara, destinat Comisiei pentru dezvoltare regionala (2017/2211(INI) ) Available online at: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-8-2018-0184_RO.html#title3
[3] European Comission (2018) Comunicarea Comisiei din 16 ianuarie 2018 privind un cadru de monitorizare pentru economia circulară (COM(2018)0029), available online
[4] European Commission (2018a) Press release. Circular Economy: New rules will make EU the global front-runner in waste management and recycling, available online at: https:// europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-18-3846_en.htm
[5] European Parliament. Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. (2014) Report on resource efficiency: moving towards a circular economy. (2014/2208(INI)). Available online: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-8-2015-0215_ EN.html
[6] The European Organisation for Packaging and the Environment (2013) EUROPEN fact sheet on EPR for used packaging, Available online at: https://europen-packaging.eu/policy/9-extended-producer-responsibility.html
[7] European Parliament (2004). Directive 2004/35/CE of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 April 2004 on environmental liability with regard to the prevention and remedying of environmental damage, Available online at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex%3A32004L0035
[8] Romanian Government (2007). Law approving Government Emergency Order No 68/2007 on environmental liability with regard to the prevention and remedying of environmental damage. Available online at:
[9] Eurostat (2019a) Real GDP per capita Available online at: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&language=en&pcode=sdg_08_10&plugin=1
[10] Eurostat (2019b) Real GDP growth rate Available online at: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/ tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&language=en&pcode=tec00115&plugin=1
[11] Eurostat (2019c) Packaging waste by waste management operations and waste flow Available online at: https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/submitViewTableAction.do
[12] European Commission (2016) REFIT Evaluation on the Environmental Liability Directive. 1 SWD (2016) 121 final. Available online at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/en/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52016SC0121
[13] European Commission (2016) Report from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament under Article 18(2) of Directive 2004/35/EC on environmental liability with regard to the prevention and remedying of environmental damage Available online at: https://ec.europa.eu/transparency/regdoc/rep/1/2016/EN/1-2016-204-EN-F1-1.PDF

Share this

Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans – UdEkoM Balkan
179 Ustanicka St, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia


Udekom Balkans is a dynamic non-governmental and non-profit organization, established in 2014 with a mission to foster the growth of scientific knowledge within the Balkan region and beyond. Our primary objectives include advancing the fields of management and economics, as well as providing educational resources to our members and the wider public.

Who We Are: Our members include esteemed university professors from various scientific disciplines, postgraduate students, and experts from ministries, public administrations, private and public enterprises, multinational corporations, associations, and similar organizations.

Building Bridges Together: Over the course of nine years since our establishment, the Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans has established impactful partnerships with more than 1,000 diverse institutions across the Balkan region and worldwide.

EMAN conference publications are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.