Amar Uuld
Ph.d student at Szent Istvan University, Godollo, Hungary
Robert Magda
Szent Istvan University, Godollo, Hungary


3rd International Scientific Conference – EMAN 2019 – Economics and Management: How to Cope With Disrupted Times, Ljubljana – Slovenia, March 28, 2019, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS published by: Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans, Belgrade, Serbia; Faculty of Management Koper, Slovenia; Doba Business School – Maribor, Slovenia; Integrated Business Faculty –  Skopje, Macedonia; Faculty of Management – Zajecar, Serbia, ISBN 978-86-80194-17-2, ISSN 2683-4510


Crop production has been always main important sector but relatively small part of the Mongolian economy. As of 2017, agricultural sector produced approximately 11 percent of total GDP, which of agricultural production is more than 80 percent of livestock sector and less than 20 percent of crop production (NSO, 2017). Mongolia has a vast area of territory (18th-largest country in the world). However, of the 80% of the land covered with grassland and pastureland, crops have never been produced on less than 1% of the total land area of Mongolia (FAO, 2014). This study reviews Mongolia’s crop production’ current situation, focusing on Mongolia’s crops supply level, self-sufficient rate and government policy in the future. The results show that Mongolia’ policies for ensuring food supply level will be increased and Mongolia will pay attention to more domestic production. Mongolia’s crops self-sufficiency rate is 80 percent of flour and flour products, 107.7 percent of potato, 33.2 percent of vegetables and 0.7 percent of fruits and berries. By 2020, flour and flour products self-sufficiency rate are likely to increase to 100 percent, vegetables to 79 percent and fruits to 7.8 percent with associated government policy. However, fruits are still reliance on import.


Crop production, import, food supply level, self-sufficient rate, government policy.


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[8] Ministry of food and agriculture, 2009. „Atar-3” national program, Ulaanbaatar: s.n.
[9] Ministry of food and agriculture, 2017. „Fruits” national program. Ulaanbaatar: s.n.
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[11] Mongolian parliament, 2012. Law of food. Ulaanbaatar: s.n.
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