Ph.d student at Szent Istvan University, Godollo, Hungary
Szent Istvan University, Godollo, Hungary
3rd International Scientific Conference – EMAN 2019 – Economics and Management: How to Cope With Disrupted Times, Ljubljana – Slovenia, March 28, 2019, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS published by: Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans, Belgrade, Serbia; Faculty of Management Koper, Slovenia; Doba Business School – Maribor, Slovenia; Integrated Business Faculty – Skopje, Macedonia; Faculty of Management – Zajecar, Serbia, ISBN 978-86-80194-17-2, ISSN 2683-4510
Crop production has been always main important sector but relatively small part of the Mongolian economy. As of 2017, agricultural sector produced approximately 11 percent of total GDP, which of agricultural production is more than 80 percent of livestock sector and less than 20 percent of crop production (NSO, 2017). Mongolia has a vast area of territory (18th-largest country in the world). However, of the 80% of the land covered with grassland and pastureland, crops have never been produced on less than 1% of the total land area of Mongolia (FAO, 2014). This study reviews Mongolia’s crop production’ current situation, focusing on Mongolia’s crops supply level, self-sufficient rate and government policy in the future. The results show that Mongolia’ policies for ensuring food supply level will be increased and Mongolia will pay attention to more domestic production. Mongolia’s crops self-sufficiency rate is 80 percent of flour and flour products, 107.7 percent of potato, 33.2 percent of vegetables and 0.7 percent of fruits and berries. By 2020, flour and flour products self-sufficiency rate are likely to increase to 100 percent, vegetables to 79 percent and fruits to 7.8 percent with associated government policy. However, fruits are still reliance on import.
Crop production, import, food supply level, self-sufficient rate, government policy.
 “NTC International” LLC, “Almec VPI” LLC and “IC net” LC, 2017. Basic survey of Mongolian agricultural sector, Ulaanbaatar: Jika organization.
 Coslet, Cristina Palmeri, Fabio, Sukhbaatar, Jigjidpurev, Batjargal, Erdenebaatar, Wadhwa, Amit, 2017. Special report FAO/WFP crop and livestock assessment mission to Mongolia, Rome, Italy: FAO.
 Galsanbuyan, 2008. Current situation of Mongolia’s food and agriculture sector and some priority issues of the development, Ulaanbaatar: s.n.
 HUANG Ji-Kun, WEI Wei, CUI Qi, XIE Wei, 2017. The prospects for China’s food security and imports: Will China starve the world via imports? Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 16(12), pp. 2933-2944.
 Jae-Hwan Park, Jee-Yeon Choi, Tae-Hyung Kim, and Steve Evans, 2016. Food Security in Mongolia: A System Innovation Perspective. Public Health, pp. 258-279.
 Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction Project Administration, 2017. Mongolia: Community Vegetable Farming for Livelihood Improvement (Financed by the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction), Ulaanbaatar: s.n.
 Ministry of food and agriculture, 2016. Government policy for Agriculture and food sector. Ulaanbaatar: s.n.
 Ministry of food and agriculture, 2009. „Atar-3” national program, Ulaanbaatar: s.n.
 Ministry of food and agriculture, 2017. „Fruits” national program. Ulaanbaatar: s.n.
 Ministry of food and agriculture, 2017. „Vegetable” national program. Ulaanbaatar: s.n.
 Mongolian parliament, 2012. Law of food. Ulaanbaatar: s.n.
 NSO, 2017. Indicators for food security statistics-2017, Ulaanbaatar: s.n.
 NSO, 2017. Mongolian statistical yearbook. Ulaanbaatar: s.n.
 NSO, 2017. Renewed 2015-2045 population projection. Ulaanbaatar: NSO.
 Santiago, Bianca Marques, 2003. The Potential for Intensive Crop Production in the Eastern Steppe of Mongolia: History, Current Status, Government Plans, and Potential Impacts on Biodiversity, Ulaanbaatar: s.n.