Maja Mihaljević Kosor, Ines Šimleša
Sveučilište u Splitu, Ekonomski Fakultet, Cvite Fiskovića 5, 21000 Split, Republika Hrvatska

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31410/EMAN.2019.165
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3rd International Scientific Conference – EMAN 2019 – Economics and Management: How to Cope With Disrupted Times, Ljubljana – Slovenia, March 28, 2019, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS published by: Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans, Belgrade, Serbia; Faculty of Management Koper, Slovenia; Doba Business School – Maribor, Slovenia; Integrated Business Faculty –  Skopje, Macedonia; Faculty of Management – Zajecar, Serbia, ISBN 978-86-80194-17-2, ISSN 2683-4510


Sadržaj:

Glavni cilj ovog rada je istraživanje primjene koncepta efikasnosti u visokom obrazovanju i procjena efikasnosti javnog financiranja obrazovanja u EU-28. Visoko obrazovanje ima značajan utjecaj na razvoj društva i gospodarstva. Više od 19 milijuna studenata u 2016. godini pohađa nastavu na nekoj od visokoškolskih institucija u EU-28 i stoga je iznimno važno proučiti efikasnost tog sustava. U ovom istraživanju primijenjena je metoda omeđivanja podataka – Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). DEA je neparametrijska metoda s linearnim programiranjem koja omogućava korištenje višestrukih inputa i outputa u procjeni efikasnosti. Na taj se način može rangirati zemlje prema ostvarenom koeficijentu efikasnosti visokog obrazovanja. Istraživanje je u ovom radu provedeno na panelu od 28 zemalja Europske Unije koristeći posljednje dostupne podatke za tri inputa (broj studenata, akademsko osoblje i javne izdatke na visoko obrazovanje po studentu) i dva outputa (broj diplomiranih studenata i zapošljivost). Pretpostavka je bila da je model izlazno usmjeren i s varijabilnim prinosima na opseg. Rezultati su pokazali da zemlje Europske Unije ostvaruju visoke koeficijente efikasnosti s 15 zemalja koje su ostvarile najviši koeficijent. Istraživanje je pokazalo i da zemlje koje više izdvajaju za visoko školstvo nemaju nužno viši koeficijent efikasnosti.

Ključne reči:

efikasnost, analiza omeđivanja podataka, visoko obrazovanje, javna potrošnja, EU-28

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