University of Bialystok, Warszawska 63, Bialystok, Poland
2nd International Scientific Conference – EMAN 2018 – Economics and Management: How to Cope With Disrupted Times, Ljubljana – Slovenia, March 22, 2018, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS published by: Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans, Belgrade, Serbia; Faculty of Management Koper, Slovenia; Doba Business School – Maribor, Slovenia; Integrated Business Faculty – Skopje, Macedonia; Faculty of Management – Zajecar, Serbia, ISBN 978-86-80194-11-0
The importance of human and social capital in the processes of growth and economic development has been broadly discussed in the literature. There are many theoretical models of economic growth considering human or social capital. However, there is still a shortage of empirical studies concerning the dependencies between these phenomena. The purpose of this study is to examine the role which human and social capital play in the processes of economic development in the EU countries. Empirical analysis concerns the year 2015. Owing to the fact that neither of these categories is measurable, the research uses the the soft modelling method. It allows users to examine links between variables which are not directly observable (latent variables). The conducted research has demonstrated that human capital as well as social capital had statistically significant, positive impact on the economic development of the EU countries. The obtained results also made it possible to create the rankings of the examined countries according to their stocks of human and social capital and the level of economic development.
Social capital, social ties, employment, employability.